Scientific Writing

Dr. Bruce L. Pihlstrom, DDS, MS

Learn about technical and scientific writing for publication and for proposals for research funding.

1. Describe why it is important to determine why a scientific article is being written and who will read the article.

2. Describe and understand the components of a scientific article.

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions

3. Describe and understand why it is important to define the purpose and target readers of an application for funding research proposals.

4. Describe and understand the components of a proposal for research funding.

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Investigators
  • Budget
  • Introduction
  • Significance
  • Specific Aims
  • Preliminary data
  • Research Strategy
  • Biography
  • Consultants and letters of support
  • Protection of human subjects

Glossary – Definitions of Key Terms

  • Confidence Interval
    • A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable. The specified probability is called the confidence level, and the end points of the confidence interval are called the confidence limits.
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review
    • Systematic reviews, as the name implies, typically involve a detailed and comprehensive plan and search strategy derived a priori, with the goal of reducing bias by identifying, appraising, and synthesizing all relevant studies on a particular topic.